What is adhd
ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is a common condition that can disrupt an individual’s life and lead to serious problems. Symptoms of ADHD usually start in childhood, but can affect an adult at any age. The disorder can cause a person to have difficulties at school or work, and in social relationships.
Typical signs and symptoms of ADHD
Many people with ADHD are often very successful, but they may need help to control their symptoms. They may also need a lot of support from their families and friends.
In addition to treatment, you can seek counseling or psychotherapy. These types of therapies can help you to change your behavior patterns, so that they are more positive and productive.
Medications for adhd
Stimulants and non-stimulants are the most common medicines used to treat ADHD. These medications have worked for hundreds of years to improve the symptoms of ADHD in children and adults.
Some of these medicines increase norepinephrine levels in the brain, which helps to focus the mind and reduce distractibility. Others work by increasing dopamine, another neurotransmitter.
You and your doctor will choose the best medicine for you. You may need to try several different medicines before finding the one that works best for you. You will probably need to take the medicine regularly for a few months, and your doctor will adjust the dose based on how well it works and if you have any side effects.
The medication should be taken at the same time each day. Your doctor may suggest a schedule that makes it easier for you to follow.
Medications are available in the form of tablets, capsules or liquids. Some medicines are absorbed through the mouth and stomach. Others are injected into the bloodstream. Your doctor will give you a prescription for the medicine and explain how to use it.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and your medical history. He or she will want to know if you have any other health problems, like high blood pressure, diabetes, depression or anxiety. If you have any of these problems, the doctor will refer you to a specialist for further testing and treatment.
You will likely need to attend a few appointments with your doctor. Each visit will last 30 minutes to an hour. Your doctor will give you a detailed history and take a thorough physical exam.
In some cases, you may need to have a mental health evaluation by a psychologist or psychiatrist. This evaluation will involve an interview and a physical examination to determine if you have any other problems that might make the ADHD symptoms worse, such as anxiety or depression.
Some people with ADHD can control their symptoms without medicine. These individuals may benefit from behavioral training, such as behavioral therapy or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
Other people with ADHD require medication to help control their symptoms and manage their lives. These medicines may be a combination of stimulants and nonstimulants, or they may be used on their own.