What is ADHD?


Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition that affects about 5% to 10% of children and teens. It can have serious negative effects on a person’s life and is usually diagnosed in childhood.

ADHD can be caused by several factors, including genetics and brain development patterns. These factors affect how neurotransmitters, chemicals that help transmit signals from one nerve cell to another, work in the brain.

Some research suggests that birth weight and chromosomal disorders can also increase the chances of developing ADHD. This may be because these conditions affect the way that neurotransmitters are regulated in the brain, affecting the ability to pay attention and control behavior.

There are many ways to treat and manage the symptoms of ADHD. These include medications, behavioral therapy and social skills training.

Stimulants can help people with ADHD focus on their tasks and avoid distractions. They can also improve concentration and reduce impulsivity.

Medications can also be prescribed to treat other symptoms that can occur with ADHD, such as anxiety or depression. These medications can be used together with behavioral therapies or as stand-alone treatments.

The most common types of medication for ADHD are stimulants. They work by boosting the levels of dopamine in the brain. They can be given by mouth or in liquid form.

These medications can be very effective for some people. However, they can cause side effects and should not be taken for long periods of time or by people who have a history of drug abuse.

It is important to talk with your child’s doctor before starting any medication. They will be able to prescribe the correct dosage and monitor how the drugs work for your child.

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You should keep your child’s medication in a safe place where they cannot get into the wrong hands and be used by someone else without your permission. Instruct your child to take the medication only under a doctor’s supervision and be sure to tell them how to stop taking it when they no longer need it.

Your child should be closely monitored for side effects and if you notice that they are acting out, call your doctor right away. It is essential to monitor your child’s progress, as the medications can have a dramatic impact on their behavior and mood.

Behavioral therapy is an important part of treatment for children and teens with ADHD. It involves setting clear goals, rewarding progress and teaching parents how to monitor their child’s behaviors.

The main goal of therapy is to teach people with ADHD how to control their symptoms and manage their lives. It can include a variety of techniques, such as limiting screen time, keeping a schedule and practicing self-control.

Family therapists can also help you understand your child’s symptoms and the impact they have on their life. They can help you develop effective communication with your child’s teachers, caregivers and other adults who interact with your child.

Some of the most effective treatments for ADHD include behavioral therapy, medications and counseling. These methods can help your child learn how to better manage their symptoms and enjoy a happier and more productive life.

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