What is adhd?
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common and serious condition that affects many people. It is more common in children and adolescents, but it can affect adults as well. Symptoms of ADHD typically develop before age 12 and last for a long time.
Diagnosing a child with ADHD is a complicated process, because the symptoms usually go beyond what is typical for their age or development level. This means that the doctor must look at a child’s medical history, behavior, and other factors to make the diagnosis.
The doctor will examine your child and ask questions about how they are doing at home, in school, and at play. Your doctor may also do a physical exam and take a blood sample to rule out other health conditions that have similar symptoms.
Your doctor will then discuss a variety of ways to treat the problem with you or your child. Medicine is often the first option, but psychological therapies are also sometimes used.
Stimulants and non-stimulants are the most commonly prescribed medications for ADHD. They increase the brain chemicals dopamine and norepinephrine, which are involved in thinking and paying attention.
These medications are a safe and effective treatment for ADHD, but they can cause side effects if they are not used properly. Some patients with ADHD have to try several different types of stimulants before finding one that works for them.
In other cases, doctors prescribe a combination of stimulants and non-stimulants to find the best medication for a person’s specific needs. Other options for treating ADHD include behavioral therapy, and social skills training.
Psychotherapy is a treatment that helps people with ADHD learn strategies for controlling their behavior and making better choices. It may also help them cope with stress, frustration, and anxiety.
Behavioral therapy is often used with children and teens who have ADHD, but it can also be helpful for adults with the condition as well. The therapy often involves setting goals, providing feedback on progress and rewards or privileges when a person meets those goals.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is another type of therapy that can help people with ADHD learn new ways to think about their behaviors. This can improve their overall quality of life.
Adults with ADHD are often very successful in their careers, but they may have a difficult time keeping up with family and friends. They may also have problems with sleeping and eating, which can cause them to become depressed or anxious.
There are also other mental health disorders that can coexist with ADHD, such as depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety. In addition, people with ADHD can have trouble with substance abuse or addictions.
Symptoms of ADHD vary from person to person and can occur in both boys and girls. The most common symptoms are inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
These behaviors can lead to a wide range of problems, including school failure, trouble with relationships, and poor job performance. They can also impact financial security and even cause accidental injury.